Ketton Quarry is over a mile wide – its size has to be seen to be believed. The rocks here contain ammonites, corals, brachiopods, bivalves, fish and reptile remains, and much, much more. This is a superb location to visit. The quarry has recently been designated SSSI status.
♦ You need to head towards the geological trail at Top Grange Quarry (see our guide to this site). From the main road from Stamford through Ketton (A6121), go past the large Castle Cement Works, which is the main entrance to the quarry.
♦ Turn into the Ketton Business Park road and follow it all the way down, where you will see a small car park on the left, and the geological trail. There is an entrance to the quarry just past the start of the geological trail. This is a working quarry, so you will need permission to enter.
♦ Ref: 52.637399,-0.546935
FIND FREQUENCY: ♦♦♦♦♦ – Ketton Quarry is highly productive. The rocks are rich in a wide array of fossils and microfossils, such as small teeth and bones, which can be collected from the clay.
CHILDREN: ♦ – Children are not allowed at this location for health and safety reasons to do with working quarries.
ACCESS: ♦♦♦ – The quarry is so large that you cannot miss it, but it is easy to get lost once inside.
TYPE: – This is one of the biggest working quarries in the UK and is about one mile long. You will need permission to enter. Castle Cement does cater for group visits, which have been arranged in advance, normally outside the working hours of the quarry.
This huge quarry presents an opportunity to collect fossils from many different beds (see above). Gypsum is also quite common here. Ketton Quarry also contains one of the most fascinating faults of its kind in the UK and has recently been designated SSSI status.
The quarry is too big to completely cover in one trip. It is huge and is still growing. The best area to search in is the Blisworth Limestone, which is part of the Oolite series. Ammonites can be found, but shells, corals, echinoids, sharks’ teeth and bones are more common. Dinosaur footprints have been seen, along with fragments of their bones.
The quarry shows the finest section of Bajocian (Jurassic ~175mya) to Bathonian (Jurassic ~165mya) strata currently available in inland Britain. Current and temporary exposures have allowed the whole of the Great and Inferior Oolite (Aalenian to Bathonian), and the Kellaways Beds (Callovian) to be seen and the strata are nearly horizontal.
The lower quarry exposes the Lincoln Limestone Formation (Bajocian), while the floor of the upper quarry is formed by the top of this formation. The upper quarry is in the Rutland Formation. At the very top of the exposures is the base of the Oxford Clay, meaning that the entire of the Middle Jurassic can be seen at Ketton Quarry. (Note that recently, a sump hole in the middle of the quarry has revealed Upper Lias mudstones and more.)
Extreme care must be taken at all times. Follow the rules of the quarry and obey any instructions given to you by the quarry workforce. Huge vehicles (some large enough for a small car to drive under) often move at speed around the quarry. Keep away from all vehicles. Blasting is also done regularly and this, combined with the high cliff faces, makes collecting from the base or from these faces very dangerous. Collect from the scree and rocks around the quarry floor, where you will have more chance of finding fossils.
You will need a heavy hammer for the rocks, and a pick and knife for the clay. The fossils can be fragile, so should be wrapped up well and placed in containers. Hard hats, high visibility jackets and steel toe-capped boots are essential. Safety goggles should be used, if splitting rocks.
Any enquiries to arrange visits should be addressed to the quarry manager at Ketton Works, at the following address:
Castle Cement Ltd, Ketton Works, Ketton, Stamford, Lincolnshire, PE9 3SX
This site is a site of special scientific interest (SSSI). This means you can visit the site, but hammering the bedrock is not permitted. For full information about the reasons for the status of the site and restrictions, download the PDF from Natural England.