Cleeve Common

There are many old quarries on the west side of the elevated golf course at Cleeve Hill and on top of the common itself. Fossils are varied and abundant, and plenty can be collected from scree below the faces. However, the in situ rock should not be hammered. Views from the top of Cleeve Common, the highest hill in Gloucestershire, are stunning.

DIRECTIONS

♦ Take Wickfield Lane off of the B4632 at the northwest edge of Cleeve Hill.
♦ There will be a sign to Cleeve Hill golf club and you will pass a private golf club car park on your way to the public car park, which is situated in an old quarry.
♦ Walk out of the car park the way you came in and follow the road/track to the left rather than back down from where you came. Keeping to the western boundary, walk southwest and then south.
♦ After a while, you will see a long series of old quarry faces. The entire stretch is worth investigating.
♦ It is also possible to explore the top of the common from the car park using the guide referred to at the bottom of this page.
♦ Ref: 51.94274°N, 2.01722°W

PROFILE INFO

FIND FREQUENCY: ♦♦♦ – Once you have identified the right rock types, you should be able to find a fair amount. Fossils are extremely abundant in some strata in the exposures, but these should be left where they are. Plenty of specimens can be collected from the scree below the faces.
CHILDREN: ♦♦♦ – There is quite a walk to investigate all of the available hunting areas and the landscape is very hilly. In some places, there are high, unfenced drops. This site is unsuitable for very young fossil hunters, but older children, properly supervised, should be fine.
ACCESS: ♦♦ – There are no toilets or other facilities here. The golf club can be hard to find, so consult a map first. Similarly, the old quarries may elude you if you do not have a good map, compass and preferably an aerial view of the hill. The walk to the fossil hunting areas is not for the unfit and the walk on top of the common takes you along a geological trail. There are eight sites to visit in total and we recommend the guide referred to at the bottom of this page, as it will explain access for each site along the route.
TYPE: – Fossils are mostly found in the scree and weathered rock from the fossiliferous strata in the old quarry faces. Plenty of fossils can be observed in the in situ rock, but these should be left for other people to enjoy.

FOSSIL HUNTING

There are plenty of fossils to be found in and below the numerous exposures here. It is worth spending a few hours at this location and, with patience, you should be rewarded with a good quantity of fossils to take home.

Fossils are fairly scarce or broken in the distinctive white coloured Lower Freestone (oolitic limestone), but are exposed in various sections both above and below this layer. Below, in the Pea Grit, and above, in the Oolite Marl and the Trigonia, Gryphite and Clypeus Grits, brachiopods, bryozoa, corals, echinoids, crinoid parts, sponges and more can be found in abundance. You can also collect the famous flat echinoid (Clypeus ploti), but these are very rare.

The best collecting is in the scree and weathered earthy parts of the exposures, where nature has done the hard work for you.

GEOLOGY

The Jurassic rocks of Cleeve Common are Bajocian and Aalenian in age and are part of the Inferior Oolite. There are eight sites to visit along this trail, covering three formations, the Salperton Limestone Formation, the Aston Limestone Formation and Birdlip Limestone Formation.

One of the most famous beds is the Clypeus Grit, which is from the Salperton Limestone Member. This bed contains the highly collectable Clypeus ploti echinoids.

The Salperton Limestone Formation is a pale grey to brown rubbly, fine- to coarse-grained ooidal, peloidal and fine shell-detrital packstone to grainstone (Clypeus Grit Member). Generally, this contains a very shelly and coarsely shell-detrital ooidal grainstone and packstone (Upper Trigonia Grit Member) at base.

The Aston Limestone Formation is a grey and brown variously shelly, ooidal, sandy, shell-detrital and bioturbated limestone. It is rubbly in parts, with sandy and shell-detrital marl beds. Component members consist of the Lower Trigonia Grit, the Gryphite Grit, and the Notgrove and Rolling Bank members.

The Birdlip Limestone Formation consists predominantly of pale coloured ooidal limestones of varying types, including ferruginous and sandy (Leckhampton Member), pisoidal and shelly (Crickley Member) at the base, unfossiliferous and cross bedded in the middle (Cleeve Cloud Member), and shelly and marly in the upper part (Scottsquar Member). The uppermost beds include sand and clay (Harford Member).

Brachiopods in quarry face

SAFETY

In some places there are high, unfenced drops. This site is unsuitable for very young fossil hunters, but older children, properly supervised, should be fine. Ensure that you keep well away from the cliff faces, where rocks can frequently fall. A hard hat is recommended.

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EQUIPMENT

Sturdy footwear, some packing material, a bag and some food and drink should suffice at this location. However, a small trowel might also come in handy for sifting through the earth and scree below the faces. A hard hat is recommended if looking near the cliff faces.

ACCESS RIGHTS

This site is a site of special scientific interest (SSSI). This means you can visit the site, but hammering the bedrock is not permitted. For full information about the reasons for the status of the site and restrictions, download the PDF from Natural England.

It is important to follow our ‘Code of Conduct’ when collecting fossils or visiting any site. Please also read our ‘Terms and Conditions

LINKS

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